Region: Southeast Asia
GDP (Million US$): $18,120
General climate: Tropical monsoon climate
INFORM Risk Rating: 4.2
– Droughts, floods and storms frequently affect Lao PDR and the effects are expected to worsen with climate change
– The agriculture industry is largely affected which offsets an impact on 80% of the population that rely on agriculture
– Typhoons Ketsana, 2009, and Haima, 2011, resulted in $58 million and $63 million in damage and losses respectively
Organizational Structure for Disaster Management
National Disaster Prevention and Control Committee (NDPCC)
Chaired by the Vice Prime Minister and the Ministry of National Defense, the NCPCC is mandated to define the DRM strategy and provide mechanisms on DRM, facilitate international support and co-operation such as joint-rapid assessment, incident reporting and identifying DRM strategies while taking the lead role on implementing DRM/CBDRM initiatives. The Department of Disaster Management and Climate Change (DDMCC) is the national secretariat to the NDPCC and takes a lead role in data gathering and assessment with relevant data collectors to report to the NDPCC and support in decision-making.
Provincial Disaster Prevention and Control Committee (PDPCC)
Chaired by the Vice Provincial Governor and provincial departments. The PDPCC is mandated to look after disaster risk management at the provincial and district level and coordinate all national/international support in the case of emergencies.
District Disaster Prevention and Control Committee (DDPCC)
Made up on district offices of all sectors and chaired by the District Governor or Vice District Governor, the DDPCC is in charge of coordination CBDRR activities and projects as well as cooperating with NGOs on all CBDRR activities at the village level.
Village Disaster Prevention Units (VDPU)/Village Disaster Prevention and Control Committees (VDPCC)
Represented by village military, security, mass organization, school and health volunteers, the VDPU and VDPCC take lead on implementation village-level CBDRR planning and training pre and post-disaster.
National Plan for Disaster Risk Reduction
National Strategic Plan for Disaster Risk Reduction (2010 – 2020) identifies four key strategic objectives to ensure sustainable development and reduce the impacts of disasters; shift focus from relief to mitigation ensure disaster management is taken up jointly by the government and people through capacity building; promote sustainable protection of the country’s natural resources.
Disaster Management Reference Handbookhttps://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/CFE%20DM%20Reference%20Handbook-Lao%20PDR%202017.pdf